Online read The Hanging of Angeliue The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Old Montreal AUTHOR Afua Cooper –

The Hanging of Angeliue The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Old MontrealA cord tied around her neck holding in her hand a burning torch two pounds in weight before the principal door and entry of the parish church of a burning torch two pounds in weight before the principal door and entry of the parish church of town Notre Dame where she will be led by the executioner of high justice in a rubbish cart with a small placard in the front and at the back with the words arsonist and there with her head bare and while kneeling to declare that she wickedly set the fire and caused the said conflagration of which she repents and asks pardon in the name of the king and of justice After this her hand will be cut off on a post that will be raised in front of the said church Then she will be led by the said executioner in the rubbish cart to the public suare to be then tied to a post with an iron chain and then burned alive her body to be reduced to ashes and those same ashes to be thrown to the winds Her worldly goods to be seized and confiscated and put in the king s possession She will be subjected to la estion ordinaire et extraordinaire in order to obtain the names of her accomplicesWith regards to the said Thibault Ang liue s lover we have ordered regards to the said Thibault Ang liue s lover we have ordered Hot Seduction (Hotshot Heroes upon consideration of the testimonies offered by the witnesses the said Thibault will be subjected toestioning in order that after la estion has been applied to the said Negress and her interrogation communicated to the king s attorney with the description of contempt of court all the proceedings reported so that judgment can be passed because of the said contempt of court as we will see fitPassed and delivered in Montr al court by s Pierre Raimbault lieutenant general assisted by JB Adh mar Auguste Guillet de Chaumont Gaudron de Chevremont and Fran ois Lepailleur royal notaries and practitioners 4 June 1734 5 By emphasizing love as Ang liue s primary motive these writers not only rob her of the agency that she exhibited in her Babys Watch / A Hero of Her Own uest for liberty they also diminish the violence inherent in slavery For them Ang liue did not flee because she found her enslavement humiliating awful and suffocating she fled because she was in love If we take this reasoning one step further it is easy to conclude that slavery could not have been so bad I believe that the in love thesis advanced by these authors speaks to theirnease with the race gender and power relations intrinsic to slavery Whites exercised almost Desire Island - The Niece unlimited power over the lives of enslaved Black people Thisneual power relationship between Whites and Blacks was an everyday and institutionalized feature of slavery And it has shaped modern day race relations in Canada Trudel and his cohorts are all modern Sweet Valentine u bec historians and they may have been influenced by the fact that today one does not examine publicly the raceestion in bec unless one is talking about the French and the English These historians refuse to see one is talking about the French and the English These historians refuse to see Ang liue was an enraged woman who wished to run away from enslavement not because of Thibault but because of slavery itself Before I read this book I didn t know that Canadians were willing participants in the slave trade They enslaved African Americans and Native Canadians and treated them like possessions just like they did in the United States I also didn t know that John Graves Simcoe was instrumental in the abolition of slavery in Upper Canada Something I hadn t ever considered before was also brought to my attention the Portuguese initiated the slave trade Afua Cooper belives that the collection of court records from Angeliue s trial for setting fire to Old Montreal in 1734 contain the oldest known narative. D Angéliue who had been born in Portugal faded into the shadows of Canadian history vaguely remembered as the alleged arsonist behind an early catastrophic fireThe result of fifteen years of research The Hanging of Angéliue vividly tells the story of this strong willed woman Afua Cooper draws on extensive trial records that offer in Angéliue's own words a detailed portrait of her life and a sense of what slavery was like in Canada at the time Predating other

review The Hanging of Angeliue The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Old Montreal

This is a chronicle of not just the presence of enslaved black bodies in Canada but also the narrative voice of black women in Canada I love how Ms Cooper takes Ang liue s invisible and marginalized story and places it at the center of Canadian national consciousness In this era of truth and reconciliation Blacks are right behind Aboriginal peoples to have our truths reconciled In the height of the narrative control of the eighteenth century The Hanging of Ang liue reemerges in resistance and demands to be seen and heard 1 In the post Conuest period a woman skilled in housework could fetch between 30 and 50 The woman described in this ad would likely have commanded a good price ebec Gazette February 23 1769Mr Prenties has to sell a negro woman aged 25 years with a mulatto male child 9 months old She was formerly the property of General Murray she can be well recommended for a good house servant handles milk well and makes butter to perfection 2 Interestingly Simcoe s July 1793 act did not prevent the sale of slaves across international borders Many slaveholders saw this loophole and sold their slaves into New YorkUpper Canadian slaves who were hoping to be freed by Simcoe and sold their slaves into New YorkUpper Canadian slaves who were hoping to be freed by Simcoe bill had to look for their freedom elsewhere In 1787 the Northwest Territory Michigan Indiana Ohio Illinois Wisconsin and part of Minnesota issued an ordinance prohibiting slavery Vermont and other parts of New England had also abolished slavery by this date And in 1799 New York made provisions for the gradual abolition of slavery As a result many Upper Canadian enslaved Blacks escaped into these free territories So numerous were some of these former Canadians in American cities that in Detroit for example a group of former Upper Canadian slaves formed a militia in 1806 for the defence of the city against the Canadians They also fought against Canada in the War of 1812If Simcoe s bill had a redeeming feature it was the article that prohibited the importation of new slaves into the province This meant in effect that slavery would decline as it could not be expanded through importation Perhaps important it also meant that any foreign slaves would be immediately freed pon reaching the soil of Upper Canada That was what began the Underground Railroad for enslaved Americans By the War of 1812 they had heard of this novel situation and many began making the trek northward The paradox is inescapable at the same time many Upper Canadian slaves were making the trek southward to freedom in Michigan and New England3 Obviously the slave woman s name was not Marie Joseph Ang liue when she came to Montr al She might have had an English name having come from the English colonies or a Portuguese name having been born in Portugal or even a French or a Flemish name having been previously owned by a man from Flanders She might also at some point have had an African name4 The jailer brought Ang liue from her cell to the salle d audience Raimbault told her to sit on the stool of repentance and remove her shoes and her head scarf As judge it was his duty to read formally to her the verdict and the punishment He concurred with his notaries In ponderous tones Raimbault condemned Ang liue to death All evidence considered we have found the said accused sufficiently guilty tones Raimbault condemned Ang liue to death All evidence considered we have found the said accused sufficiently guilty convicted of having started the fire in the house of demoiselle Francheville which caused the conflagration of part of the town For the punishment of this crime we have condemned the accused to make honourable amends nude except for a shirt with. During the night of April 10 1734 Montréal burned Marie Joseph Angéliue a twenty nine year old slave was arrested tried and found guilty of starting the blaze that consumed forty six buildings Suspecting that she had not acted alone and angered that she had maintained her innocence Angéliue's condemners tortured her after the trial She confessed but named no accomplices Before Angéliue was hanged she was paraded through the city Afterward her corpse was burne. Of the life of an enslaved Black person in North America The records tell not only of the events surrounding Angeliue s crimes but they also contain Angeliue s personal narrative of her own origins in Portugal her travel across the Atlantic to New England And How She Came To how she came to with her owner in MontrealThis is certainly a lesson that we wouldn t have been taught in Canadian History class because most people don t know that slavery even existed in Canada Hats off to Afua Cooper for being Angeliue s voice and telling the story of slavery in canada i hope story of slavery in Canada I hope re teaching this book in schools because the only story I remember being fed about Canadian slavery was the one about how we saved American slaves via the nderground railroad Here s the other story a century earlier of how parts of Canada happily kept slaves Angeliue was one of them Some Like It Hotter until she rebelled and burned down a chunk of Montreal allegedly and they tortured and hung her for it Every Canadian should read this Good read A good introduction to slavery in Canada I didn t know about how and when slavery was conducted in Canada andnder what circumstances for the slaves involved and so the text was informative The author tries to stretch her lack of material and authority on the life of this one slave and tries to present to the audience an authoritative text on slavery in Canada which it is not Unlike Edward S Morgan in American Slavery American Freedom she s not drawing from a wealth of resources about the protagonist and some of her material instead of providing insightful background seems superfluous and More Than a Convenient Bride (Texas Cattlemans Club: After the Storm unnecessary tonderstanding the protagonist and her plight The book would have been better as historical fiction drama I do like her attempt to give this black woman her voice and provide her with the agency that she was robbed of during her lifetime But we can t escape the fact that the small amount of material available on her was written and therefore interpreted by elite white men and an attempt to give the protagonist a voice can only be done with this white elite possibly slave holding voice Needless to say when the protagonist is asserting her voice it is actually the author s voice that the reader hears The author does try to explain the multifacetious nature of slavery in Canada but doesn t succeed in attaching all of it s characteristics onto this one character On the one hand she demonstrates that all slaves didn t live the same lives but then without hard evidence suggests that Angeliue could have possibly experienced every degradation attached to slavery An additional stretch was the claim that this slave s court documents were in effect the first slave narrative ever The author s argument was essentially that since not all slave narratives were a accurate and b written by the former slaves their selves but embellished accounts of slavery that supported abolitionist ends that we can take these court documents where the protagonist has no say in the writing and interpretation of her story and see them as a narrative I don t think that Angeliue would agree It s inconsistent to say that due to the nature of the material and the position and status of it s authors the protagonist was robbed of her voice and her self and then say that these same texts can be Marrying Well used as her story that she would have agreed to and possibly would have published had she had the means to do so Again it was a good introduction to the topic of slavery in Canada but in order to go deeper further research is necessary. Irst person accounts by than forty years these records constitute what is arguably the oldest slave narrative in the New WorldCooper sheds new light on the largely misunderstood or ignored history of slavery in Canada She refutes the myth that Canada was a haven at the end of the Underground Railroad Cooper also provides a context for Canada in the larger picture of transatlantic slavery while re creating the tragic life of one woman who refused to accept bondage.

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